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The Australian Connection.
Catchloves on the Map.
18th & 19th Century Sussex & Hampshire.
The London Area in the 17th - 19th Centuries.
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C
atchlove
Family History Research
A generalised search of all parish records on Ancestry for the Catchlove name currently produces a surprisingly short list.  Entries can be found in seven different databases:
(1) England & Wales Christening Records, 1530-1906
(2) London, England, Births & Baptisms, 1813-1906
(3) Pallot’s Marriage Index for England: 1780-1837
(4) England & Wales Marriages, 1538-1940
(5) London, England, Marriages & Banns, 1754-1921.  This is the longest list of entries, but this could well be simply a reflection of the number of records transcribed to date.
(6) London, England, Deaths & Burials 1813-1980
(7) London, England, Baptisms, Marriages and Burials, 1538-1812.  

Interestingly, the first Ancestry database, England & Wales Christening Records, 1530-1906, throws up more Sussex Catchloves, with two families in Chichester: George & Elizabeth, whose daughter Sophia was baptised in 1798 (Family 1) and Edwin & Sally, whose son William was baptised in 1837 (family unknown).
I have found quite a number of Catchloves in various records who were likely to have been alive in 1841 but whom I have not been able to find on the census.  Many of these were located in the BMD Index and parish register transcripts for the London area  - see London & Middlesex Catchloves - but there were even some in Hampshire & Sussex:

BMD Death Index Chichester 1843.  Sarah CATCHLOVE.  Who is she and where was she in 1841?

BMD Death Index Havant 1846.   Matthew CATCHLOVE.  Who is he and where was he in 1841?

Stoughton burial register 1853.  Ruth CATCHLOVE age 71 from Chichester.  Who were her family and where was she in 1841 & 1851?

For more information on other marriages and baptisms found in the parish records for individuals not found on census, see My Catchlove Family Trees.
It is possible that Sarah and Matthew were born after the 1841 census and died in infancy, but I have not found their baptism records to prove this or identify to which families they belonged.
If you have any unidentified photos of Catchlove ancestors, you may wish to email them for publication on this page and hopefully someone will recognise them.
There are records of at least two Catchlove families living in the parish of Stoughton, Sussex during the 17th Century.  John CATCHLOVE (c.1586-1640) was a tailor who acted as parish clerk and lived in the village of Stoughton itself.  Another John CATCHLOVE (c.1570-1634) was a husbandman who rented a cottage  and orchard in Walderton during the 17th Century.  We do not know whether they were related.

John’s cottage in Walderton has been dismantled and re-erected in the Weald and Downland Open Air Museum, which rescues and restores ancient buildings from the Kent & Sussex Weald and the South Downs.   It has been beautifully restored (see photos below) and furnished to show the original 15th Century features and the alterations made in the 17th century, during the period that it was leased by John Catchlove.  It is a substantial brick and flint house with two large ground floor rooms and an upper storey, so we can assume that John was comfortably off, even if he was not wealthy - a far cry from anything my branch of the family would have lived in, I think!

John of Walderton was the son of a William CATCHLOVE and had three brothers, William, Edward and Robert, and two sisters, Joan and Jane.  When he died he left two unmarried daughters, Martha and Katherine and was survived by his brother Robert.  The cottage was occupied by a William CATCHLOVE in 1646 but it is not clear how he is related to John.  The Museum has published details of its own research into the background of the property and the Catchloves, based on a number of historical documents:

http://www.openairclassroom.org.uk/History/history%20walderton%20detailed%20research/history-walderton-detailed%20research.htm

Records in the National Archives appear to relate to John CATCHLOVE’s lease of this property:
http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/A2A/records.aspx?cat=182-ams9&cid=-1&Gsm=2008-06-18#-1
1641 Protestation Returns for West Sussex - source: Sussex Online Parish Clerks
The 1641 Protestation required all citizens to sign a declaration of loyalty to the King and the Church of England in an ultimately unsuccessful attempt to avert civil war.  Edmund CATCHLOVE, Edward CATCHLOVE, Robert CATCHLOVE & William CATCHLOVE - all living in the parish of Stoughton - signed the 1641 Protestation.  It is likely that Edward, Robert & William are the brothers of John of Walderton named above, but who was Edmund?
Eddie also found a record of a John Catchlove in Sussex in the 16th century.  The online clergy database shows John Catchlove (also recorded as Johannes Cachelowe) as curate of Bynderton (Binderton) from 1550-1554 and later vicar of Hunston from 1558-1569.  Is it possible he was an ancestor of our John Catchlove at Walderton?
above, left: main room looking toward the hearth and back door

above, right: main room and stairs looking toward front door

left: back room, showing wattle wall of upper chamber

right: back room, showing bread oven and loft stairs

all images, author’s own photographs
We know that a number of Catchloves who have disappeared from the records here in Britain emigrated to Australia, at a time when  increasing industrialisation at home gave rise to widespread unemployment and the new colony provided opportunities for enterprising people.
For more information, see The Australian Connection.
The Prison Hulk Registers and Letter Books, 1802-1849 show us that Edmund was aged 21 when sentenced and that he was held on a prison hulk moored at Portsmouth prior to transportation, as was Ann.  This record shows that his death sentence was commuted to 7 years in the penal colony.

Besides Edmund and Ann, the same registers have revealed a further three Catchloves who were held on prison hulks.  There were two other Edmund CATCHLOVEs, one aged 54 and one aged 17, both imprisoned on the “Portland”.  No dates are given, but the “Portland” was a decommissioned vessel used as a prison hulk at Langstone Harbour, east of Portsmouth, from 1802 until  she was sold in 1817 (note ii, below).  Earlier, however, a George CATCHLOVE aged 27 was sentenced to seven years for felony at Chichester on 13th July 1801, arrived on a prison hulk at Portsmouth on 1st September 1801, and escaped on 8th October 1801.
Jim Rouse of the Ulverstone History Museum has carried out some research on Ann CATCHLOVE and found that after receiving her Ticket of Leave she married a Samuel LAYTON in New Norfolk in 1854.  They had an unnamed daughter in 1854, but no further records can be found.
At first sight, transportation appears
to be a harsh penalty for Ann,
who had been caught stealing in a period
when many poor families were driven to steal, simply to eat.
Yet we are told that women were frequently transported for
the first offence, so perhaps she had actually received leniency
according to the standards of the times.
In the case of Edmund, blackmail would certainly have
been seen as a serious crime and the mere suggestion
of “unnatural practices” would certainly have drawn a
death penalty, so mitigation to transportation would certainly
have been considered a mercy.
Had Thomas Flack sexually assaulted Edmund
and then turned his attempt at blackmail back on him?
Or had Edmund been soliciting and then blackmailing clients,
and if so, was he gay himself
or simply desperate for money?
We will never know.
I found surprisingly few Catchloves in the military records and I am guessing I have not checked nearly enough records yet, bearing in mind that most of the WWI records were destroyed by bombing in WWII.  Here is what I do have, for what it’s worth.  I still need to match some of these guys to their families, if at all possible.

Waterloo Medal Roll 1815 – no Catchloves found.


Casualties of the Boer War, 1899-1902
Trooper G. E. CATCHLOVE, serving with the South Australian Contingents Battalion, South Africa Field Force Regiment, was wounded on 24 July 1900 at Stinkhoutboom.  More information can be found on the Australian War Memorial website.

G J L CATCHLOVE, Transport Sergeant, 2 Australian Commonwealth Horse – medal roll - no further details available.  Found on Findmypast.

Merchant Navy Seamen 1835-1941  Found on Findmypast.

1845-1854 Albert CATCHLOVE d.o.b. unknown born at Compton (mistranscribed Cornpton)

1845-1854 Wm CATCHLOVE d.o.b. unknown, born at Portsmouth

1908-1921 Albert John CATCHLOVE b.09 March1904 at Southampton - Albert John is my Great Uncle Al from Family 1

1918-1921 Frederick George CATCHLOVE b.28 July 1895 at Southampton

1921-1941 F. CATCHLOVE no details of birth


First World War Embarkation Roll on the Australian War Memorial website
Keith CATCHLOVE, Gunner with the 15 Field Artillery Brigade 23 November 1916

Trove, National Library of Australia
Keith CATCHLOVE, 3rd Light horse regiment.  Served at Gallipoli in WW1 and also served with the 9th Battalion Volunteer Defence Corps in WW2. This record includes a studio portrait of Keith CATCHLOVE.

Soldiers Died in the Great War, 1914-1919
Private Ernest CATCHLOVE of the 2/4th (City of Bristol) Battalion, Gloucestershire Regiment, died of wounds on 1 Jul 1916 in France / Flanders.  Ernest was born in Bristol.  Eddie, a descendent of Edmund the Woodman, has informed me that Ernest was a nephew of Henry John from Family 1.

British Army WWI Service Records, 1914-1920: Albert James CATCHLOVE, born abt 1879.  See Family 1

The following three sources concerning William Edward Laurence CATCHLOVE were sent to me by Jeff CATCHLOVE in Australia, the son of William’s cousin:

1. Honours and Awards - from the WW2 Nominal Roll

CATCHLOVE, WILLIAM EDWARD LAURENCE
Service: Australian Army
Service Number: SX9947
Date of Birth: 25 Dec 1913
Place of Birth: ADELAIDE, SA
Date of Enlistment: 30 Jul 1940
Locality on Enlistment: CAMDEN PARK, SA
Place of Enlistment: ADELAIDE, SA
Next of Kin: CATCHLOVE, RUBY
Date of Discharge: 21 Dec 1945
Rank: Major
Posting at Discharge: 2/43 AUSTRALIAN INFANTRY BATTALION
WW2 Honours and Gallantry: Military Cross
Conflict: Second World War, 1939-1945

2. AIF CAPTAIN WINS MC  London Gazette 12 February 1942, page 704, position 1

“An AIF captain who led a bayonet charge on an enemy party near Tobruk and silenced a machine gun post has been awarded the Military Cross. He is Capt. William Edward Laurence Catchlove, SX9947, Infantry. Announcing the award yesterday, Mr. Forde, Army Minister, released a citation which praised Capt. Catchlove’s restraint and cool judgment in allowing the enemy to approach to pointblank range, and his dash in the charge that ensured the success of his patrol's work.”

3. Commentary from an unknown book on the Australian War Memorial Web site – separation operation from above:

11-12 Sept  SHORTAGE OF LANDING CRAFT - page 363
“ ...The river rose and carried away the steel cable and the ferry ceased for six hours. Three L.C.V.s took over the ferrying.  One of these, commanded by Lieutenant Henderson E. McPherson (2 E .S .B.), kept shuttling troops across for 48 hours although it had its rudder shot away and had to improvise another.  By the afternoon of the 12th the 2/32nd was ready to take over the bridgehead.  At dawn on the 12th the 24th Brigade was advancing towards Lae in the form of a prong — the 2/43rd on the right towards Old Yanga and the 2/28th along the coast towards Malahang Anchorage.  While Captain Catchlove's company of the 2/43rd Battalion patrolled towards New Yanga, Captain Gordon's 4 advanced along the road towards Old Yanga.  During the morning, both these companies met and dispersed enemy standing patrols, and at 2.30 p.m. a patrol reported that New Yanga appeared unoccupied.”

10-13 Sept  THE FALL OF LAE - page 364
“At 3 .35 p.m. Catchlove was organising his company on the outskirt s of New Yanga ready for an attack, when unexpected and heavy firing came from the direction of a hut.  The surprised South Australians were unable to make any impression on the Japanese defenders.  They bombarded New Yanga with mortars and many of the 525 shells fired by the two batteries of 25-pounders at the Burep landed on New Yanga.  In  spite of this, a second infantry attack by Captain Siekmann's 5 company of the 2/43rd met the same reception as Catchlove's and both crestfallen companies, having suffered 22 casualties, were withdrawn to an area half way between Old Yanga and New Yanga...”

The full text can be read by following the hyperlink above.
Two individuals previously unknown to us have been found in the 1911 census.  Both come from areas outside the recognised geographical spread of Catchloves.  See the 1911 Census page for more details.
Ancestry.co.uk has published three collections of employment records that contain a number of Catchloves:  Register of Duties Paid for Apprentices' Indentures, 1710-1811; Railway Employment Records, 1833-1963 and Postal Service Appointment Books, 1737-1969.
Besides the Catchlove families found in the usual sources, the name has occurred in a number of other documents throughout history.  Here are the examples I came across while simply rooting around on the web:
Sussex Poor Law Records Westbourne 1733:  Settlement Examination for Edmond CATCHLOVE, Yeoman Master.
http://sussexrecordsociety.org/plrecordbyrid.asp?an=&ap=&Id=18591
Sussex Poor Law Records Westbourne 1775:  Removal Order for Ann CATCHLOVE single, age not given – foreign parish Stoughton (a few miles south of Compton).   http://sussexrecordsociety.org/plrecordbyrid.asp?an=&ap=&Id=16652
Kelly’s Directory of Northamptonshire 1910 & Kelly’s Directory of Northamptonshire 1914.  Northampton, Western Terrace:  CATCHLOVE, Mrs S.A. sparts.   I thought at first that this was the wife of Henry, John the Grocer’s son, but it would appear that Henry did not die until 1927, so why would she be listed alone in 1910?  If it is not Sarah Ann, who is it?  And what does “sparts” mean?
London, England, School Admissions and Discharges, 1840-1911.  Found on Findmypast.
Goodrich Road School, Southwark.  1894.  Millie CATCHLOVE b.1884, daughter of George
Goodrich Road School, Southwark.  1896.  Ethel CATCHLOVE b.1888, daughter of George
More recent records from the National Probate Calendar (Index of Wills and Administrations), 1861-1941 refer to individuals from recognisable families in the trees and any relevant details are recorded on the tree pages.  They have been useful in finding dates of death, identifying links between individuals, and in one case, explaining why a young lad ended up living in a Boys’ Home.  The one exception that I was unable to identify exactly was George William CATCHLOVE of Clapham Common who died 26 Feb 1919.  Eddie has informed me that George William (1861-1919) is the nephew of Edmund the Woodman (Family 2).  However, I have been unable to find the birth or baptism records for any of Edmund’s brothers & sisters so cannot identify his parents.
The following wills are held in the Hampshire Archives at the Hampshire County Record Office, available to view on microfiche only:

1668 - Henry CATCHLOVE of Havant, yeoman
1691 - Thomas CATCHLOVE (Catchloe) of Havant, maltster
i.
An excerpt from A Voyage to Botany Bay by George Barrington http://www.bbc.co.uk/radio4/history/empire/
  
ii.
http://wapedia.mobi/en/British_prison_hulks
iii.
Jennifer Newby, 2011.  Women’s Lives: researching women’s social history 1800-1939.  Barnsley: Pen & Sword Family History.
This page details instances of Catchloves occurring in a variety of records, whom we have not yet been able to identify as belonging to any of the recognised families.  I have tried to group them according to the types of resources they were found in:  The Missing Catchloves looks at those likely to have been alive during the period of the 1841 census but who do not appear in the census itself.  Other Parish Records looks at those found online in parishes outside Hampshire & Sussex and reveals a family living in 17th century Westminster.  17th Century Catchloves in Walderton concerns records of the lease of property in Sussex.  Transportation to Australia details three Catchloves transported as convicts. Catchloves in Military Records lists individual Catchlove soldiers from the Battle of Waterloo to WW11.  Catchloves in Wills & Probate Records covers the period from the 14th century to the 17th century.  Finally, Catchloves in Miscellaneous Records is just that - odd records from a range of resources not fitting any other category.  Take a look and if you recognise anyone, let me know!